The Pets Time

maintain the proper health of your paw mate

Dog Health Issues- Basic Problems in Dogs

Taking care of a dog is no walk in the park! They get sick just like we humans!

We need to give them all the care that they would need. 

But we must know what the common diseases are in dogs.

Let us go through the basic disease in dogs.


Internal parasites (heartworms), intestinal parasites (hookworms and ringworms), and external parasites are some of the most prevalent forms of parasites in dogs (fleas and ticks). 

When your dog consumes contaminated food or comes into touch with an infected animal, a parasite may enter or adhere to its body. 

Giardia in dogs and coccidia in pups are other prevalent illnesses that are frequently spread by polluted water sources.

You must be very careful while feeding your dog in order to maintain the proper health of your paw mate! 

Infected ears

Numerous environmental and inherited variables, including allergies, autoimmune diseases, ear wax accumulation, and even overzealous cleaning, can result in ear infections. 

When dogs scratch or shake their heads excessively, they frequently exhibit symptoms of an ear infection. 

Other indications of an ear infection include odor, black discharge, and redness or swelling in the ear canal.

Dog ear infections are often treated with a medicated cleaner, topical medicine, or maybe oral antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medications when a veterinarian makes the diagnosis. 

The American Kennel Club states that most canine ear infections clear up in one to two weeks.

Infections of the Urinary Tract (UTI)

The urge to pee often, indications of pain or discomfort during urination and the presence of blood or other discharge in the dog’s urine are the most typical symptoms of urinary tract infections in dogs. 

It’s crucial to call a vet right away if your dog exhibits any of these symptoms since they might potentially point to a more serious problem like bladder stones or a blocked urinary tract.

Infections of the Skin and Hot Spots

When a dog is scratched or brushed, germs often enter the area and cause skin illnesses. This may result in a “hot spot” that is characterized by redness, inflammation, itching, and irritation. 

Regular bathing and getting your dog medical attention if they get a scratch or abrasion are the best ways to prevent skin diseases in dogs. 

Although less serious than bacterial infections, canine yeast infections are nevertheless unpleasant and require medical attention.

A veterinarian will frequently clean the problematic region, provide oral medicine or topical treatments, and give the dog a “cone” collar to avoid additional irritation of the area.

Unharmful Tumors

Typically, benign tumors appear as skin lumps or innocuous fatty deposits. They are not likely to spread to other areas of the body or seriously injure the dog, unlike malignant tumors.

If you see any lumps on your dog’s skin, you should have them examined by a veterinarian to find out whether or not they are benign. 

To decide the best course of therapy, the veterinarian will need to take a biopsy of the tumor’s tissue.

This is very common among the large breed dogs who seem very dangerous!

You may enjoy a video on such breeds! 


Dogs with skin allergies must routinely be treated since they are more common than food allergies. 

Atopic dermatitis, which causes your dog to scratch excessively due to its red, itchy, and scaly skin, is how most skin allergies manifest themselves.

Like people, many dogs have seasonal flare-ups of their skin allergies in the spring and summer when allergens are in plenty.

Although allergies cannot be cured, they are easily controlled. Benadryl for dogs and other medications can treat skin allergies, but a particular diet may be necessary to address food allergies.


Canine arthritis is an extremely prevalent health problem in elderly canines and is characterized by joint inflammation. 

Pain and stiffness brought on by the ailment may make it difficult for the dog to exercise.

Fortunately, a lot of studies have been done on how to treat canine arthritis. 

Medication, physical therapy, and homeopathic medicines can all be used to treat it. It has been shown that canine glucosamine is also highly helpful in reducing and preventing the signs of arthritis.


Recent studies show that over 60% of dogs are either overweight or obese. Dogs that are obese are more likely to get certain cancers, arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension.

Giving your dog a nutritious diet and frequent exercise is the greatest method to prevent and manage dog obesity.

Dogs need a lot fewer calories than humans do, so resist the desire to overfeed them just because they appear to be hungry (or because they’re attractive and deserve rewards!). 

Before altering your dog’s diet or activity regimen, it is essential to speak with your vet.

Dental Conditions

Dog dental illness can take many different forms, but is frequently brought on by poor oral hygiene. 

By the age of two, 80% of dogs will exhibit some symptoms of dental illness, according to Hill’s Pet Nutrition. 

The most prevalent type of gum disease, periodontal disease, is brought on by bacteria in the mouth.

Bacteria can cause a dog’s teeth to deteriorate to the point that they must be surgically removed in order to stop the illness from spreading to the jaw and skull.

Soft-Tissue Damage

When a dog pulls a muscle, sprains a joint, tears skin, or inflicts other comparable damage to the canine soft tissue, including cruciate ligament issues, it is considered a soft tissue injury. 

These conditions, in contrast to the prevalent diseases in dogs we’ve examined thus far, are brought on by bodily trauma rather than an immunological response.

Bites, shattered bones, foreign objects stuck in the body, and swallowed poisons are some less frequent forms of unintentional injury. 

The regular Accident-Only pet insurance policy covers the costs associated with stabilizing, treating, and monitoring certain health issues. 

Numerous of these wounds are regarded as emergency medical issues that call for urgent care and might be costly without pet insurance.

Main points to remember

  • Due to years of breeding within the same genetic pool, purebred dogs develop genetic disorders.
  • Age, size, accidents, and prevalent illnesses are among the factors that contribute to dog health problems.
  • Keeping an eye out for ill dog signs and adhering to a preventative care schedule with frequent doctor visits may help guarantee your pet’s health.
  • Dog health issues can be costly and frequent, but pet insurance provides financial security and peace of mind.

With pet insurance, you can safeguard your dog’s health.

Dogs have a wide range of common health problems, just like humans do. 

But there’s no justification for letting a curable condition cost you thousands of dollars or negatively affect your dog’s quality of life. 

You can make sure your dog always has access to treatment when they need it by scheduling routine checkups with the vet and purchasing a reliable pet insurance plan.

Dogs are love, they are family. We need to love them and care for them with all that we have! <3

This was tweeted by the dog page owner- DogRegion


The final thing you want to consider before adopting a dog is the potential future health issues they may experience. 

But part of being a good pet parent is making sure you have access to a veterinarian and that you are aware of the most typical signs of a sick dog. 

You should never wait until it’s too late to take action since some problems might be difficult to spot.


Sarwar Abdullah

Content Developer at Dog Region 

Author Bio

Content writing is my passion. And I believe in following my dreams to achieve my goal in life! I am a full-time entrepreneur who believes in investing his time in his profession and passion equally.

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